Do VA Benefits Cover Addiction Treatment?

The short answer to the question of whether a military Veteran’s benefits—if it’s provided by the federal government—will cover treatment for a substance use disorder is “yes”.

But while some Veterans may be reluctant to seek help, others may struggle with access to the treatment they are entitled to. The nearest VA hospital may be far away. Other Veterans may struggle with chronic transience—without a home address, they may not know which hospital they can work with.

And, healthcare benefits can be complicated. We try to simplify it a bit.

The VA website has a treatment finder to help any Veteran get started, and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) website’s treatment locator can specify VA-eligible locations.

But that’s just the beginning. Read on to learn what different benefit and insurance providers offer Veterans when it comes to substance use treatment.

Veteran Benefits for Substance Abuse and Mental Health Treatment

Some U.S. military service Veterans struggle with substance use, co-occurring mental health problems, and behavioral disorders. An estimated 20% of active duty service members meet the criteria for heavy alcohol use, and 11% of service members who served in the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan have been diagnosed with a substance use disorder.

The federal government provides access to health care for all military Veterans, provided the Veteran has not been dishonorably discharged.1

This medical care includes a full range of mental and behavioral health services, such as:

  • Medical services.
  • Inpatient treatment.
  • Counseling to overcome addiction.

The United States Veterans Affairs Administration

veterans can receive medical care from the VA via their website and application processThis is a public medical care program provided to former military service members by the federal government. Applying for health care through the VA system is as easy as going to the website and starting the application process.

Although the VA is not a health insurance program, not having insurance won’t stop you from from getting treatment at a VA hospital.2 If a Veteran has insurance, VA hospitals will bill the Veteran’s private insurance for services.

If the Veteran doesn’t have insurance or VA benefits, staff at the VA hospital may be able to help the Veteran apply for Medicaid, if they are eligible, or determine if they meet specific low-income requirements.

Enrolling in treatment through VA health care ensures comprehensive treatment for any and all Veterans. There are two priority groups:3

  1. Priority Groups 1-3. These groups include Veterans who have received a disability rating through the VA, former prisoners of war (POWs), and Purple Heart or Metal of Honor recipients.
  2. Priority Groups 4-8. These groups include other Veterans, such as those who have diagnosed chemical exposure, certain income levels, specific combat statuses, and other diagnosed medical conditions.

Community Care Options for Substance Use Treatment

The VA is the foundation of health care treatment for Veterans, but there are other healthcare programs Veterans can work with. To expand treatment access for Veterans, or if there isn’t space in a VA hospital, the VA contracts with non-VA healthcare facilities like Recovery First.4 These facilities are known as community care providers (CCP).

Recovery First’s Veterans program is geared toward Veterans, with Veteran staff members and group therapy sessions with other Veterans.

All of the American Addiction Centers facilities are proud partners with the VA community care network.


This private insurance program is a regionally managed healthcare program for active duty service members as well as Veterans of the U.S. Armed Forces, their families, and survivors. This insurance program helps cover substance use treatment through VA hospitals. As of July 2017, benefits through TriCare have been expanded to include:5

  • Emergency and non-emergency inpatient hospitalization.
  • Psychiatric residential treatment for children.
  • Partial hospitalization.
  • Outpatient and office-based mental health and substance use treatment.
  • Inpatient and residential substance use treatment.

Ensuring private insurance covers these behavioral and mental conditions will help more Veterans feel confident in the quality of their care, as well as the financial support they receive to stay in treatment. This also provides greater flexibility for Veterans who may not live near a VA hospital and need to access treatment through a closer drug and alcohol addiction program.


For many vulnerable populations around the U.S., Medicaid offers free or low-cost health insurance and supplements Medicare (which you can learn about below), private insurance, and other types of health coverage, including Veterans’ benefits.

Over 1.75 million Veterans, or one in 10, uses Medicaid coverage to some extent. Two in five Veterans surveyed in 2015 reported having Medicaid as their sole source of health insurance coverage; 41% reported Medicaid coupled with military or Veterans’ benefits; 11% reported Medicaid and private insurance; and 9% reported both Medicaid and Medicare coverage.6

Not all addiction treatment centers accept Medicaid as a form of payment. However, many treatment centers like Recovery First will perform a free insurance benefits check to confirm which benefits, if any, you can receive from Medicaid for addiction treatment.


Older Veterans likely qualify for both Veterans’ benefits and Medicare.7 However, Medicare Part B and Veterans’ benefits do not work together, so it’s important to know how and when to apply to either program.

Older Veterans who go to a non-VA doctor and who have enrolled in Medicare will be automatically covered by Medicare Part A or B. However, these options are not billable to VA hospitals or VA program care.

Medicare does not provide the same level of comprehensive treatment as VA hospitals do, but there are some programs that may be easier to access closer to home compared to traveling to a VA hospital for substance use services.

Overcoming Addiction or Co-Occurring Disorders

Working-age Veterans who find employment in the public or private sector after leaving active duty likely have access to insurance coverage through their employer, while aging Veterans may consider applying for Medicare to help them.

However, a significant number of Veterans struggle with homelessness, suffer from severe mental illnesses, or have unstable financial lives due to substance use. These conditions make it difficult to maintain employment and consistent health insurance coverage.

The VA will offer free or very low-cost treatment for these Veterans while billing private insurance or charging copays for Veterans who have consistent employment and other insurance options.

For many Veterans, working with addiction specialists who understand the specific struggles unique to former soldiers, pilots, sailors, and more helps them feel comfortable with the quality of treatment they receive. Their individual needs can be better assessed by those who understand post-traumatic stress disorder, military life, and military families.

That’s why at Recovery First, we have Veteran staff work on our Veterans program, geared specifically toward military Veterans. We also provide group therapy environments for Veterans, so that you can be with people who have had similar life experiences.

For Veterans who cannot receive immediate treatment at a nearby VA hospital, doctors and addiction specialists all over the country are expanding their practices to treat Veterans as a unique group with specific treatment needs. More private doctors are contracted through the VA to work with this federal program and provide mental, behavioral, and physical health treatment.

Verify Your Healthcare Benefits Today

It’s easy to see if your healthcare benefits would help cover some of the cost of addiction treatment. Fill out the confidential form below.

Was this page helpful?
Thank you for your feedback.

American Addiction Centers (AAC) is committed to delivering original, truthful, accurate, unbiased, and medically current information. We strive to create content that is clear, concise, and easy to understand.

Read our full editorial policy

While we are unable to respond to your feedback directly, we'll use this information to improve our online help.